Potatoes – Solanum tuberosum L.
The edible potato is an annual herbaceous plant, 50-100 cm tall, with branched subterranean shoots, on which are formed the tubers. Ground stems branched, pubescent with adpressed to the stem hairs. The fitful sheets-Gypsy-pristrastie, with 7-11 large and smaller leaves, ovate, tense, with oblique base, glabrous above, downy. Flowers are collected at the apex in the inflorescence, spike-like Corolla, white, reddish, or bluish purple. The fruit is a green spherical berry, 1.5-2 cm in diameter.
Blooms in June – July.
It grows in the culture throughout the middle latitudes of Eurasia. Planted as field crops. A food that is popular in each house for almost round the year. Comes from South America.
Harvested in autumn the tubers are red varieties.
Used as a dietary aid. The potato has a lot of organic and inorganic compounds, and they laid it in useful for the human body proportions. The potato uralaudit high concentration of the glycoalkaloid solanine (in flowers, shoots and tubers poseleniya sites, 1500-3500 mg%), in small concentrations – 6-40 mg% – has a beneficial effect on the function of the stomach and intestines. Potato proteins have a 14 and 20 amino acids . required to build the cells of our body. Since that time, both in Europe spread of potato cultivation, has disappeared here the epidemic of scurvy, which took many lives; eating potatoes covered nearly 50% of the body’s need for vitamin C .
As a remedy, potatoes are eaten with ulcers of the stomach and duodenum, namely: crude juice from red varieties. Well washed and mopped dry the tubers without sprouts and green areas, together with the husks rubbed on a grater or grind in a meat grinder and the juice with the starch, wring out through a gauze in two layers. Raw juice drink 1 /2 – 1/3 Cup (100 ml) three times a day: fasting, before lunch and before dinner for 2-3 weeks. After a week’s break, repeat the treatment. Throughout the course need 5-15 liters of raw juice. At the same time adhere to strict diet; drug treatment and physiotherapy by the time you stop. Patients peptic ulcer disease is recommended (for prevention) fall and spring (from half September to half of November and half of March to half of April) to use for the past 2 weeks of raw juice (in half dose). In this case, disappear pain, belching . heartburn . the lightheadedness . normalizes the acidity of the stomach . patients gain weight, they disappear constipation and distention of the intestines.
Treatment of raw potato juice does not cause adverse reactions in the body ( acetylcholine reduces headaches). Poultice of grated raw potato treat eczema impetiginoznoy (purulent), the pyoderma . dermatitis . burns. Unsalted baked potatoes are introduced into the diet of patients with renal and cardiovascular disease with edema (potassium diuretic effect). Inhale vapours of hot boiled potatoes for diseases of the respiratory tract.
For bronchitis, colds of the vocal cords, dry cough take 3-4 medium size tuber. After washing them, boil with peel. Boil, slightly rastalkivaya, adding 1-2 tablespoons of alcohol, better – camphor. The resulting mass is spread on thick natural cloth and apply on the chest of the patient, pre-wiping overlapping camphor oil.