Pineapple: medicinal properties, application and recipes
Pineapple (lat. Ananas) is a tropical herbaceous plant native to the Americas. It belongs to the Bromeliad family and is considered one of the most important fruit crops within tropical countries. The pineapple spread throughout the world, and as an ornamental plant it can be found even in cold climates. Homeland of pineapple can be considered Brazil, as there is this plant still grows in the wild. At the moment spends about eight varieties of pineapple, which occur mainly in South America, Africa and Indonesia. The major producers of this fruit are the US (12%) and Thailand (11.5%).
The plant has a large number of roots, its trunk covered with scales, and the leaves are fleshy, stocking large amounts of moisture. The leaf edges are equipped with spines and covered with a thick layer of epidermis. It is in this layer of pineapple leaves kept the water.
The plant is propagated by selfing. The flowering period lasts about 20 days. At the end, in the center of the trunk formed a powerful stem that represents a set of ovaries, fused with flowers.
Harvesting and storing pineapple
For the people of Europe harvesting of pineapple is to buy it in the local supermarket or vegetable shop. If you plan to use the product for cooking light Calatafimi fruity cocktails, then you need to choose ripe fruit. Ripeness is determined by using several proven methods. First of all, the ripe fruits are orange-yellow and dark skin. No green streaks should not be. Secondly, the teeth on the top of the pineapple, you got to pull – if go effortless, it means ripe.
If you plan to use pineapple in a few weeks, and even months, it is best to roll up or to put it in the freezer. In the fridge you can put whole fruit. It doesn’t need washing, but can be wrapped in a package. For conservation to gently clean the fruit and slice it into many slices. Canned in its own juice and you can pour sugar syrup. In the canned product can be stored for about 2 years, without losing its valuable qualities.
Even pineapple make excellent dried fruits. You need to cut the fruit into thin slices and put them in the room where there is access to sunlight. Dried pineapple will be within two to three weeks, after which you can collect the products and store up to a harsh winter.
Used in the home
Being one of the most delicious exotic fruits, pineapple can surely be called a welcome guest at the table of any person. From pineapple pulp make fruit salads, delicious desserts, a pastry shop pastries. The fruit is served in addition to a large number of first and second courses. For example, restaurants rarely serve fried meat without pineapple slices. Housewives prepare pineapple muffins, pies and porridge. It makes an excellent hot sauce that will complement any dish in your kitchen.
Pineapple is the basis for a large number of diets. The pulp contains almost no fats and proteins. In 100 grams of product is only 50 calories. Despite this, the product is quite filling due to high content of fiber. The fruit of pineapple at 86% percent water, which is the fourth indicator in the world among fruits and vegetables.
Composition and healing properties of pineapple
The pineapple has become very popular after it was discovered the substance called bromelin.